August: On this day in military history

August 10

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Soldiers from the 1st Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment, “Gimlets,” arrive in South Korea in 1950 to support the Republic of Korea in defending key locations from invading forces. The Gimlet soldiers, comprising Task Force Smith, participated in the Battle of Osan, which marked the US Army’s first ground action of the Korean War. (Photo by Sgt. Robert M. England, 2nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team, 25th Infantry Division )

On this day in 1950: The U.S. Army activated the IX Corps at Fort Sheridan, Ill., and ordered it to Korea.President Truman raised the authorized strength of the Army to 1,081,000.

August 9

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Members from U.S. Coast Guard Law Enforcement Detachment 103 approach a foreign flagged fishing vessel during an Oceania Maritime Security Initiative (OMSI) boarding mission. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Danny Kelley)

On this day in 1982: Secretary of Defense Caspar W. Weinberger approved the use of Coast Guard law enforcement detachments on board Navy vessels during peace-time. The teams conducted law enforcement boardings from Navy vessels for the first time in history. The first CG TACLET was assigned to the USS Sampson on 11 August 1982.

August 8

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9th April 1865: Robert E Lee (1807 – 1870) American Confederate General surrendering to Union General and later the 18th President of the United States, Ulysses Simpson Grant at the close of the American Civil War, at the Appomattox Court House in south-western Virginia. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

On this day in 1863: In the aftermath of his defeat at Gettysburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee sends a letter of resignation as commander of the Army of Northern Virginia to Confederate President Jefferson Davis. The letter came more than a month after Lee’s retreat from Pennsylvania.

August 7

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NAIROBI, KENYA: An Israeli rescue worker (R) calls to colleagues 10 August as they stand on what remains of a building in front of the US embassy in Nairobi, four days after a deadly bomb attack. The death toll in two almost simultaneous bombings here and in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania rose to 190. (Thomas Coex/AFP/Getty Images)

On this day in 1998: At 10:30 a.m. local time, a massive truck bomb explodes outside the U.S. embassy in Nairobi, Kenya. Minutes later, another truck bomb detonated outside the U.S. embassy in Dar es Salaam, the capital of neighboring Tanzania. The dual terrorist attacks killed 224 people, including 12 Americans, and wounded more than 4,500.

August 6

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U.S. Army CH-47 Chinook helicopter pilots assigned to Task Force Flying Dragons, 16th Combat Aviation Brigade, 7th Infantry Division fly near Mazar-e-Sharif, Afghanistan, June 9, 2017. The Flying Dragons provide aviation support to U.S. Forces Afghanistan as part of Operation Freedom’s Sentinel. (Photo by Capt. Brian Harris, 16th Combat Aviation Brigade)

On this day in 2011: A U.S. Chinook was shot down by the Taliban, resulting in 38 deaths (30 Americans and 8 Afghans), no survivors. Among the U.S. deaths were 17 Navy Seals who had been part of the Naval Special Warfare Development Group (DEVGRU). It was the same unit who killed Osama Bin Laden, although none of the deceased partook in the operation.

August 5

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April 1916: Members of the National Guard marching past Mansion House in London during World War I. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

On this day in 1917: The entire membership of the National Guard was drafted into federal service for World War I. After war was declared in April, 1917, National Guard units were first called into federal service by President Wilson under the militia clause of the Constitution.

August 4

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September 1958: American President and former Allied General, Dwight D Eisenhower, addressing the nation on American intervention in Formosa (now Taiwan). (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

On this day in 1953: Speaking before the Governor’s Conference in Seattle, President Dwight D. Eisenhower warns that the situation in Asia is becoming “very ominous for the United States.” In the speech, Eisenhower made specific reference to the need to defend French Indochina from the communists.

August 3

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October 1966: Five team members of F Company, 2nd Battalion, 5th Regiment, US Army, wade through a waist-deep stream, roofed over by dense jungle, about 400 metres south of the de-militarized zone, Vietnam. (Photo by Lance Corporal Romine/Three Lions/Getty Images)

On this day in 1966: U.S. Marine units commence Operation Prairie, a sequel to an earlier operation in the area (Operation Hastings), which involves a sweep just south of the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) against three battalions of the North Vietnamese 324B Division. An additional 1,500 Marines from Seventh Fleet ships off Quang Tri Province conducted amphibious landings on September 15 to assist in the operation, which lasted until September 19 and resulted in a reported 1,397 communist casualties.

August 2

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The Ford Motor Company logo is seen during a press preview at the North American International Auto Show January 14, 2014 in Detroit, Michigan. (Stan Honda/AFP/Getty Images)

On this day in 1950: The Ford Motor Company created the Defense Products Division in order to handle the large number of government contracts related to the Korean War.

August 1

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1943: Large bombs are carefully loaded by a ground crew into the bomb bays of one of the ‘Liberators’ of the famous ‘Travelling Circus’, ready for another shuttle raid. (Photo by Keystone Features/Getty Images)

On this day in 1943: Operation Tidal Wave: The American Eighth Air Force began staging a series of heavy bomber air raids against the oil fields and refineries around Ploesti. These fields furnished about 80% of the Nazis’ petroleum requirements and were a key military target. Of the 177 B-24 Liberator bombers, 50 are lost.

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